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The New Kings, And The First Syrian War

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Chapter Summary

In all the great kingdoms in this new world, during 282 and 281, new kings took power, while one kingdom (Lysimachos') vanished. One of the new kings was Antiochos, the eldest son of Seleukos. The 'First Syrian War', which began with the provocation of Ptolemy by Antiochos, is poorly known, the main source being the Babylonian Astronomical Diaries. The Ptolemaic invasion came either by way of the Orontes valley, where there were a series of small Seleukid posts such as Arethusa and Larisa, or by sea, where the Ptolemaic navy was dominant. The outcome of the fighting was with neither side able to make a serious gain at the other's expense. Where one contender (Ptolemy) was no soldier, and was essentially concerned to hold what he had, and the other (Antiochos) was facing and fighting in several directions at once, a drawn war was obviously the most likely outcome.

Keywords: new kings; Ptolemy II; Seleukos; Syrian War



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