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The Eighth War, The Last Chance For Union

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Chapter Summary

The issue of the possible union of the two kingdoms had been raised back in 168 by Antiochos IV's campaigns in Egypt, if only as a Roman nightmare; it had been alive, and even attempted briefly, in 146/145 by Ptolemy Philometor, but in the end it had been rejected by him and by his followers. The harmony in the Seleukid house under Antiochos VII - much assisted by the absence of Demetrios II - was in strong contrast to the disorder among the Ptolemies, which developed into one of the civil war from 132 onwards. Demetrios was unpopular in Syria for a variety of reasons. His expedition against Egypt, an intelligent move though it seems, came immediately after the destruction of Antiochos VII's army. The Eighth Syrian War was therefore a mixture of two civil wars, the mixture being in part the result of the intermarriages of the two royal families.

Keywords: Antiochos IV; Demetrios II; eighth Syrian war; Ptolemy Philometor; Seleukid house



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