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Epilogue: The Ambition Of Kleopatra VII

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Chapter Summary

The longing of the Ptolemies to be a great power never died; it continued to the very end of the dynasty's rule in Egypt, the reign of Kleopatra VII. After the loss of Koile Syria, however, they were reduced to a secondary status, overshadowed first by their Seleukid rivals, and then by their Roman rescuers. The consolation was perhaps that the age-old competitor, the Seleukid dynasty, was in even worse case, and was eliminated from any real power by the 80s, though pretenders to the restoration reappeared in the 60s and 50s. Mark Antony was generous with the eastern Roman provinces because he could use Kleopatra as a means of building up his own strength. Kleopatra's little empire was the casual gift of a Roman warlord, just as her rule in Egypt had been the casual gift of Caesar.

Keywords: Egypt; Kleopatra VII; Koile Syria; Seleukid dynasty



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