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Chapter Summary

The conservative supporters of the subversive activities prevention law (SAPL) were the holdover supporters of the ancien regime, some reinstated after having been depurged, most held, not the top positions from before and during the war; their formative years in education and work experiences were importantly in the Japan of the 1930s and 1940s. The opposition out of sheer self-respect had to determinedly oppose the draft SAPL; the conservative government had obviously under-estimated their doggedness in opposition. The legal groundwork and political context for the opposition to launch and maintain such a vocal opposition to the SAPL was created by U.S. Occupation fiat in the beginning of the occupation and reinforced by the 1947 new Japanese Constitution. The Occupation period had entered a "twilight period" where GS officials no longer issued the orders, but acted as counselors/ advisers to the Japanese drafters of the SAPL.

Keywords: ancien regime; Japanese Constitution; subversive activities prevention law (SAPL)



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