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Natural Philosophy

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Chapter Summary

This chapter helps the reader to understand why Aristotle's philosophy maintained such a hold on his successors that he influenced even Copernicus in a fundamental way on his vision of the cosmos. The author follows the main outline of Markowski's monograph on natural philosophy at Cracow in the second half of the fifteenth century. In his account of Cracow philosophers on motion, Markowski shows that the doctrine of impetus and its application to the explanation of celestial motion were well known in Cracow circles in the 1490s. The chapter selects and summarizes the most relevant conclusions from the most important introductory books on natural philosophy at the University of Cracow in the 1490s. The most important fifteenth-century "commentary" on Aristotle's Physics in the form of questions was an anonymous collection dubbed by later scholars Quaestiones cracovienses super I-VIII libros Physicorum Aristotelis.

Keywords: Aristotle; Copernicus; Markowski; natural philosophy; Quaestiones cracovienses; University of Cracow



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