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Conclusion And Epilogue

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Chapter Summary

This study of Copernicus and the Aristotelian tradition has examined astronomy in relation to philosophical cosmology. Throughout the first two parts, the author has tried to place Copernicus's work on astronomy in context, providing a concrete sense of his socio-political environment, education, and reading. As Copernicus read the works of other authors, they informed his approach to astronomical issues, his understanding of Aristotle, and his revision of Aristotelian and scholastic traditions. Copernicus achieved a drastic adaptation of Aristotelianism to heliocentrism by reliance on other ancient sources made available by printed editions of texts, summaries, encyclopedias, and dictionaries. After praising Copernicus's command of Latin and Greek and his expertise in mathematics and astronomy, Tolosani accuses Copernicus of being very deficient in his knowledge of physical science and logic. Kepler certainly did not abandon metaphysical and architectonic principles, but he restored the traditional relation between natural philosophy and astronomy.

Keywords: Aristotle; astronomy; Copernicus; Earth; Kepler; Tolosani; universe



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