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Appendix V

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Chapter Summary

This appendix section emphasizes ideas that are the most relevant to Copernicus's critical evaluation of Aristotelian and Ptolemaic geocentrism. In Plutarch's dialogue, the narrator, Lamprias, is a supporter of the Platonic Academy who elsewhere is described as an Aristotelian, but one who criticizes him usually by adopting a Platonic doctrine. In holding the view that Earth is in the middle, Stoics maintained that all weights in their natural inclination press against one another and towards which they move and converge from every direction. In the dialogue Lamprias reports the view of some mathematicians who place all of the planets above the Sun, which Lamprias uses to argue explicitly for the Platonic assimilation of the Moon to Earth.

Keywords: Copernicus; Earth; Lamprias; Moon; Plutarch

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