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Heritage And The Making Of (Trans-)Local Identities: A Case Study From The Curonian Spit (Lithuania)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter tries to understand the process of making local heritage and by this producing (trans-)local identities at different points in history. The northern part of the Curonian Spit (Lithuania), has been characterised by an inconsistent national affiliation in the course of the twentieth century and the resulting change of population. The end of the Second World War brought a brutal end to local life on the Curonian Spit when most of the inhabitants fled the area in fear of the Red Army, joining millions of others fleeing Central and Eastern Europe. In focussing on local heritage production in Soviet times, the chapter has demonstrated that the local history of Curonian people was Lithuanianised and depicted in a Soviet mode of presentation. While the Curonian heritage was depicted in national-socialist terms during the Nazi regime, it was represented through the lens of socialist ideology during Soviet times.

Keywords: (trans-)local identity; Curonian Spit; Lithuanian; local heritage production; Nazi regime; Second World War; Soviet regime



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