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Particular Virtues In The Nicomachean Ethics Of Aristotle

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Chapter Summary

In Aristotle the universal is the object of art, philosophy and science. Some famous passages in his works say it very clearly. In the Nicomachean Ethics (NE) as well, when speaking about epistêmê, Aristotle says what is typical of epistêmê is to have an account of the universal and the necessary. The definition of happiness is the central point of the NE, on which all the pragmateia depends. In NE chapter I Aristotle repeats this definition, and begins a very wide section of the work, starting from here and going to the end of NE IV, dedicated to the notion of aretê. The discussion in NE II starts with an explicit reference to the conclusion of book I. Aristotle calls the particular virtues kath' hekasta. This chapter discusses the origin of Aristotle's list of moral virtues; some have remarked that Aristotle does not follow Plato's list of four main virtues.

Keywords: Aristotle's list ofmoral virtues; definition of happiness; Nicomachean Ethics (NE)



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