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The Failed State Par Excellence: The Role Of The International Community In Somalia Demonstrates The Inadequacy Of The System To Deal With State Failure

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Chapter Summary

Somalia has been without a functioning government for the past 17 years and it is often referred to as the main example of State failure. In the absence of a viable government, Somalia has become the center of a civil war as well as source of regional and international instability. The Republic of Somalia gained its independence in 1960 from the unification of the Italian-administered Trusteeship Territory of Somalia and the protectorate of British Somaliland. General Mohammmed Siad Barre became Head of State and President of the Somali Supreme Revolutionary Council in 1969, after a military coup and the assassination of Abdirashid Sharmaarke, the elected President. Opposition to his regime and the deer economic situation grew in the late mid eighties, mostly following clan lines. The central power became increasingly unable to control the territory and, in 1991, Siad Barre fled Mogadishu. Civil war broke out throughout the entire country.

Keywords: Abdirashid Sharmaarke; Civil war; General Mohammmed Siad Barre; Mogadishu; Revolutionary Council; Somalia



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