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Civilizations Of The Biblical World

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents reference articles related to civilizations of the biblical world. It discusses civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Hittites, and also deals with Greco-Roman civilization. The most important source for the knowledge of the Old Assyrian period (i.e., the first two centuries of the second millennium BCE) is the city of Kanesh in central Anatolia, the lower city of which formed a commercial center where Assyrian traders lived. The article 'Initiation of Babylonian Priests' studies the ideology of purity in relation to its implementation in practice at the appointment of priests in Babylonian temples. Edomite ethnogenesis was an evolving process that began as early as the thirteenth century BCE when the inhabitants of Edom were known as Shasu by the Egyptians, and continued throughout the Iron Age when the Edomites interacted with the Israelites, Judeans, Assyrians, and other cultural groups.

Keywords: Babylonian Priests; Greco-Roman civilization; Mesopotamia; Old Assyrian period



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