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"You Will Become The Thirteenth": The Identity Of Judas In The Gospel Of Judas

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Chapter Summary

In the Gospel of Judas 44:18-21 we read, "And when Jesus heard this, he [Jesus] laughed and said to him [Judas], 'You thirteenth daimon, why do you try so hard?'" The translation of the Greek word, daimon, has been debated by scholars, and both "spirit" and "demon" have been suggested. In the canonical tradition, Judas is vilified for his betrayal of Jesus. In Luke and John, Satan actually enters into or seems to control the actions of Judas. A scene from the Gospel of Mark involving an exchange between the preeminent disciple, Peter, and Jesus may be of some help in understanding what is happening between Judas and Jesus in the Gospel of Judas. In fact, Mark 8-9 is a particularly valuable heuristic tool for understanding the Gospel of Judas as a whole, and it may even have been a literary source for the author of the Gospel of Judas.

Keywords: betrayal; daimon; Gospel of Judas; Gospel of Mark; Jesus; Peter



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