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The Tchacos Codex: Another Document Of The Gnostics?

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Chapter Summary

The Tchacos Codex is a late third or early fourth century papyrus codex discovered in the late 1970s in the Al Minya province of Middle Egypt near Maghagha, and finally published in 2007. It contains in Coptic as the work of a single scribe (1) The Letter of Peter to Philip, (2) The (First) Apocalypse of James, (3) The Gospel of Judas, (4) a Book of Allogenes, and possibly (5) a Hermetic treatise. This chapter argues that it is best understood as a document of the Gnostic cult movement. It considers the rationale behind the choice of texts in the Tchacos Codex, its context, concerns and date, and the light it can cast on the development of the 'classic' Gnostic myth of Irenaeus, Adversus Haereses 1.29-30, the Apocryphon of John, the Gospel of the Egyptians, Trimorphic Protennoia and related texts.

Keywords: Apocalypse of James; Apocryphon of John; Book of Allogenes; Gnostics cult movement; Gospel of the Egyptians; Tchacos Codex; The Gospel of Judas; Trimorphic Protennoia

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