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The God Of Jerusalem As The Pole Dragon: The Conceptual Background Of The Cosmic Axis In James

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Chapter Summary

With the discovery of the Tchacos Codex, we now have another version of the 1 Apocalypse of James which, unlike the extant Nag Hammadi text, makes mention of the cosmic axis. The reference occurs during a discussion of James and Jesus with regard to the number of rulers of the cosmos and seventy-two inferior heavens. The seventy-two represent an extension of the twelve. The author of the Tchacos version of the 1 Apocalypse of James can associate the twelve archons with the establishment of the axis is due to his assumption that the pole of the universe lies at the center of zodiacal circle. Implicit to this structure is equation of the "God who dwells in Jerusalem" with a dragon or serpent whose powers make up the cosmos. This dragon is crucified to the polos by Jesus and his archons are restrained through the affliction of the sons of light.

Keywords: 1 Apocalypse of James; archons; cosmic axis; God of Jerusalem; Jesus; pole dragon; Tchacos Codex

10.1163/ej.9789004181410.i-640.86
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