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The Image Of Eschatological Priesthood In The Dead Sea Scrolls

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Chapter Summary

This chapter is concerned with determining the various roles envisioned for the priestly messiah and other individuals that resemble him in the Dead Sea Scrolls. One of the greatest challenges in the study of Qumran messianism has been the apparent diversity of messianic concepts encountered in the various texts. More detail as to the specific role of the messiah of Aaron with regard to the law is likely supplied by 4QTestimonia. It is within the framework of the fundamental importance of the study of the Torah and the teaching of its interpretation at Qumran that one must view the role of the eschatological Interpreter. It is true that 1QS and 4QTestimonia envision three different individuals carrying out the roles of prophet, priest, and king. However, this particular form of messianic expectation actually represents an exception at Qumran.

Keywords: 4QTestimonia; Dead Sea Scrolls; eschatological priesthood; messiah of Aaron; Qumran messianism



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