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Degradation Of Parchment And Ink Of The Dead Sea Scrolls Investigated Using Synchrotron-Based X-Ray And Infrared Microscopy

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents the various analytical techniques that have been used to obtain information about the state of the Dead Sea scrolls at present and what could have been the cause of its deterioration. Did it start at the moment they were written due to the preparation of the parchment or to the binder that was used to make the ink fluid for writing. Synchrotron-based techniques are employed to obtain a new look at the deterioration of the parchment and ink of the Dead Sea scrolls, using SR-based micro-X-ray and Infrared analyses. The first experimental technique applied is X-ray microscopy. X-ray microscopy mainly relies on X-ray fluorescence (XRF); a common technique for elemental analysis. The second technique of Fourier-transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy measures the strength (frequency) of molecular bonds and is used to identify certain molecules or molecular groups.

Keywords: Dead Sea Scrolls; degradation of parchment; Fourier-transforminfrared (FT-IR); infrared microscopy; synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence (XRF)



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