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Analyzes Of A Sample Of "Masse De Fer" From Qumran Locus 104 Excavated By R. de Vaux

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Chapter Summary

A sample described as "masse de fer" (i.e. 'mass of iron') was excavated in Qumran by Roland de Vaux. This chapter describes the situation of the find and reports the analytical results, XRD, SEM-EDX and the determination of maximum firing temperature. The sample was excavated at locus 104 in Qumran by Roland Guerin de Vaux O.P. in 1955 and assigned the sample name KhQ-2114. Roland de Vaux labeled the sample of "masse de fer" KhQ-2114. It was designated sample number QUM-390 by Jan Gunneweg at Hebrew University. The so-called 'masse de fer' sample is neither iron nor an umbra colored pigment consisting of burnt bentonite. Its major crystalline component is quartz.

Keywords: KhQ-2114; masse de fer; Qumran; Roland de Vaux



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