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New Flexibility Mechanisms In The Fifth And Sixth Accession Treaties

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Chapter Summary

'Differentiated integration' had been used in the fifth and sixth Accession Treaties to enable the enlargement project to go ahead. While this is new to enlargement practice, neither Schengen nor EMU were really developed at the time of the fourth enlargement. This chapter outlines the situation of EMU, Schengen, Cyprus and the Common Agricultural Policy. It looks at how the fifth Accession Treaty applies pre-accession conditionality to new Member States after their accession. The fifth enlargement has heralded a new age in the use of flexibility mechanisms in both pre-accession and post-accession practice. The Co-operation and Verification Mechanism has become a post-accession governance tool to compensate for the weak application of the legal conditionality of the pre-accession strategy. The postponement clause on the one hand, is remarkable: it is an indication of the EU's political commitment to enlargement in spite of doubts remaining.

Keywords: European commission; fifth Accession Treaty; flexibility mechanisms; post-accession practice; postponement clause; sixth Accession Treaty



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