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Chapter Summary

Luxembourgish is today put forward as the single most important indicator of 'commonality' and has become a distinctive symbol in Luxembourgian society. During the midnineteenth century-indeed, until the First World War, later-Luxembourgish was considered to be a part of the German- speaking world. This, however, did not prevent the growth of interest in Luxembourgish, which was then considered to be a dialect. The enthusiasm for regional idioms came from Germany, where it was part of a double identity, whose constituents were not mutually exclusive, but in fact mutually reinforcing: the homeland and the people. The first authors who wrote in Luxembourgish created a spelling system. The French language clearly played a role in social exclusion. There is no doubt that the marked growth of Luxembourgish as the subject of scholarly enquiry in the last twenty years has played a significant role in the establishment and standardisation of the language.

Keywords: first world war; french language; germany; Luxembourgish; midnineteenth century



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