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Pastoral Care, Inquisition, And Mendicancy In The Medieval Franciscan Order

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines how the mendicants attempted to defend themselves against assaults by the secular masters of theology during two periods of conflict at the University of Paris, the first during the years 1255-1256 and the second from 1268-1271. The mendicant masters were certainly attracting large audiences and causing new conversions within the university community. In 1252, faced with a potential proliferation of mendicant masters and the possible academic extinction of secular theologians, the Faculty of Theology attempted to limit religious orders to one magisterial chair each. The goal of this statute was to restrict the Franciscans to their one teaching chair and to return one of the two Dominicans' magisterial chairs to the seculars. The major work in this first phase of secular/mendicant conflict at Paris was William's Depericulis novissimorum temporum, which argued that the perils of the Last Times were approaching through the activities of the mendicants.

Keywords:Depericulis novissimorum temporum; Dominicans; Franciscans; mendicants; University of Paris

10.1163/ej.9789004181809.i-382.22
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