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The Hidden Life Of The Friars: The Mendicant Orders In The Work Of Walter Hilton, William Langland, Geoffrey Chaucer, And Their Literary World

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Chapter Summary

Between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, two crucial events took place which left a mark on the life of the Church in general and of the religious orders in particular: namely the so-called Schism of the West and the birth of the Observant movements. This chapter focuses on certain key characters who discussed the matter in different places, on different occasions, distinguishing, the history of reflections on mendicancy in two distinct periods: one which covers the period of the fourteenth century, in which the opinions given in reply to the quaestio revolve around two stable points the Thomistic doctrine and the logical/juridical framework-and the fifteenth century, a period in which the discussion shifts onto a more theoretical level, where attempts were made to produce new theological syntheses. The thirteenth century had been a period of self-definition and self defense for the Mendicant orders.

Keywords:fifteenth century; fourteenth century; mendicancy; Observant movements; Schism



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