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Non-State Actors And International Humanitarian Law: The Status Of Private Military Companies

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Chapter Summary

Intervention in Afghanistan and the war in Iraq have had an impact on modern international law in many ways. One of these relates to the status of so-called non-state actors. Non-state actors are usually subject to national laws, as the case may be with various non-governmental organisations (NGOs). The question of the status of persons involved in an armed conflict may depend on various factors, such as the status of the persons involved, whether they are combatants or civilians and the actual status of the armed conflict, whether it is an international or a non-international armed conflict. Practice in Iraq shows that some countries, such as the United States, provide immunity to Private Military Companies (PMCs) and their employees from local jurisdiction. The status of PMCs and their personnel remains an issue that needs to be solved by new rules of international law.

Keywords: international humanitarian law; non-state actors; Private Military Companies (PMCs)



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