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The Free Territory Of Trieste As A Subject Of International Law

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Chapter Summary

A special subject-the Free Territory of Trieste (FTT)-was established after the Second World War. Various lawyers, diplomats and politicians interpreted differently some of the main elements of the Italian Peace Treaty on the FTT (termination of Italian sovereignty over Trieste, the international personality of the FTT). This chapter discusses the problem of the FTT as a subject of international law and analyses whether the competence of the Territory in international relations satisfied the basic criteria to be considered a subject of international law. The growing tensions between Italy and Yugoslavia contributed to the decision of the Western Powers to terminate efforts to establish the FTT as a special independent subject. The history of international law abounds in a variety of different subjects. The FTT is an example of the inability to establish a subject in accordance with the agreed permanent regime stated in its Permanent Statute.

Keywords: Free Territory of Trieste (FTT); international law; Italian peace treaty; Yugoslavia



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