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From The I To The Absolute

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Chapter Summary

The Absolute is claimed to be knowable, hence the proper object of the science of philosophy. After Kant has clearly stated the exact opposite - beyond the physical we know nothing - 'metaphysical knowledge' sounds like a contradiction in terms. Nevertheless, German idealists think themselves true Kantians and at the same time endeavor to know the Absolute. The key to knowledge of the Absolute is thought to be found in our subjectivity, in the immediate consciousness of our own existence. The awareness 'I am' is to be the first step towards understanding 'all that is'. This chapter presents an overview of the Kantian 'Copernican Revolution'. In order to understand the philosophies of German idealism, it is necessary to learn more about the major concepts of Spinoza's philosophy. Therefore, the chapter discusses the basics of Spinozism.

Keywords: absolute idealism; Copernican revolution; German idealism; Kantian; Spinozism



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