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After The Prooemium: Mathematics, The Senses, And Life

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Chapter Summary

This chapter offers a short presentation of some modern and ancient views on mathematization in the Timaeus, and then focusses on Proclus' outlook on the role of mathematical explanations in the Timaeus, building especially on the more general account on mathematics and Pythagoreanism given by O'Meara. It draws some conclusions regarding Proclus' position on the mathematization of the natural world. Further, the chapter elaborates one of O'Meara's main theses, namely that the mathematics 'transposed' to philosophy of nature concerns the projections in the human mind by arguing that a distinction should be made between the mathematics transposed in the context of the body of the world and that in the context of the World Soul. Since the main aim of this chapter is to show Proclus' development of the notion of philosophy of nature, the mathematical practice displayed in Proclus' exegesis of the passages in question is left aside.

Keywords: mathematics; philosophy of nature; Proclus; prooemium; Pythagoreanism

10.1163/ej.9789004181915.i-362.21
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