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Platonic ΦΥΣΙΣ According To Proclus

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Chapter Summary

The subject of this chapter is Proclus' concept of φύσις. It focuses on the content and role of this concept as the subject matter of the Timaeus. The chapter also delves into more general issues regarding Proclus' concept of nature. In ancient philosophy, very generally speaking, the range of concepts referred to by the word φύσις runs from nature as a class of things characterized by growth and change, matter, and spatiotemporality. According to Proclus Plato surpasses other philosophers in giving an account of the essence of nature. Proclus starts out with Antiphon, who identified nature with matter. This unexpected presence of Antiphon reveals that Proclus' main source for the doxographical material is Aristotle. Proclus' concept of nature is the ultimate justification of the efficiency of a transcendent cause, which is capable of informing the material world through nature as its immanent tool.

Keywords: φύσις; Platonic nature; Proclus



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