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Institution, Culture, And Social Stratification: Towards A Comparative Study Of Chinese Societies

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Chapter Summary

Social stratification research is an intrinsically international and comparative enterprise. Institutional factors are often intertwined with cultural factors. The cultural factors are particularly relevant with respect to education, gender inequality, and family resource distribution, intergenerational relationships, and perceptions of opportunity. Chu, Xie and Yu (2006) modified the theory on the sibship size and educational outcome, and explained the unusual high-order interaction involving sibship size, gender, birth density, and seniority within the context of Taiwan's (Chinese) patriarchal culture, in which families typically favor boys over girls. Over the past decades, mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan have been undergoing dramatic economic and social changes. Sociological studies of inequality in China have flourished over the past few decades. More attention has been paid to the unique pattern of inequality shaped by Chinese socialist institutions such as the hukou system that created the rural-urban divide and the danwei segmentation in the urban sector.

Keywords: Chinese societies; educational systems; Hong Kong; institutions; social stratification; Taiwan's patriarchal culture



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