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Chapter Summary

From a political point of view, the results of the war were not altogether beneficial for the Ottoman elite. Victory in this war did not bring any significant material gain, not even a war indemnity. In reality, the Ottoman Empire became a European protectorate although in theory it had become a member of the European Concert or the European state system. The war brought about the Islahat Fermani, which is one of the most important documents of nineteenth century Ottoman history. The equality of the non-Muslim subjects with Muslims was imposed upon the Porte and the Islamist or conservative sections of society and the bureaucracy did not like it, although even those statesmen who opposed equality were aware of the necessity of reform. In the end, Russia was not defeated in a strict sense in the Crimea.

Keywords: Crimean War; European Concert; non-Muslim subjects; Ottoman elite; Ottoman Empire



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