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Toward An Incremental Democracy And Governance: Chinese Theories And Assessment Criteria

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Chapter Summary

The Communist Party of China (CPC) used democracy as the basis for overthrowing the Guomindang (GMD) during the Communist Revolution, which culminated in the founding of the PRC. However, while the term democracy has continued to be used in political discourse, it is clear that both the Chinese understanding and practice of democracy have undergone great changes. During the era of Mao Zedong, democracy, like other political terms, was not openly discussed but, rather, was used exclusively by the party and carried a very specific meaning. China's unparalleled economic development is a direct outcome of economic pluralization, which, in turn, is a result of the reform of the traditional socialist economic system. The recent academic literature reflects a diversity of views on democracy, which, broadly classified, constitute three theories of Chinese democracy: orthodox Marxism, liberalism, and incremental democracy.

Keywords:Chinese theories; Communist Party of China (CPC); incremental democracy



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