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Nimrod’s Cities: An Item From The Rolling Corpus

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Chapter Summary

Some years ago the author reads a paper at an IOSOT congress on Genesis 10:8-12 ("Nimrod's Cities") in which he made four main points. First, of all the ancient historical or mythological figures proposed as the source of the Nimrod tale, only the god Ninurta is appropriate. Secondly, the information concerning the cities he ruled and/or built reflects partially sound knowledge of Babylonian and Assyrian realities but also serious error or fantastic invention. Thirdly, there must be a connection between the description of Nineveh as "the great city" in the Book of Jonah and the words "that is the great city" at the end of the passage under discussion, where Nineveh occurs. Fourthly, the "name" Resen, or rather the Hebrew consonants, are the mangled remains of the third Assyrian city, the great new capital of Sargon II, Dur-Sharrukin, Sargonsburg. This chapter discusses these four points.

Keywords: Assyrian city; Babylonian realities; book of Jonah; Genesis; Nimrod's cities; Nineveh; Ninurta



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