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Fujian Tea Production, 1920–1960

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Chapter Summary

The Fujian industry was beset with many problems, but for the Chinese tea merchants who had migrated to Singapore, the main ones remained the traditional labour-intensive methods of production and political instability in the province. Fujian was one of two provinces in Republican China that produced wulong tea. Anxi tieguanyin is one variety of wulong tea. The conviction that the Chinese industry was backward vis-à-vis the Indian and Ceylonese industries was shared by both reformers in government and agriculture. The situation became so bad that it became 'almost impossible to point to a single district in Fukien that had not been overrun by Communists or bandits'. Rehabilitation work was urgently needed in the post-war industry. There was a call in early 1947 for greater mechanisation of the industry and the creation of a single organisation for pricing and export.

Keywords: Anxi tieguanyin; Chinese merchants; Fujian tea production; post-war rehabilitation plans



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