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Para-Police Forces

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Chapter Summary

This chapter surveys the genesis and powers of public security joint defense teams, private security companies, and urban management officials and outlines the links between them and public security organs. Community policing organs have been seen under a favorable light. Aside from descriptive and comparative analyses, the emerging scholarship on this topic conceives of community policing as a social resource, stressing the role inclusion processes play in crime prevention, and highlighting continuities with Confucian heritage. Community policing organizations were originally born as a force anointed with political tasks. While the concrete nature of these tasks has shifted over time, the political rationale for them has not. These forces exist outside the sphere of traditional policing because their members are drawn from the community. However, they are empowered to create a distinction between members of communities and those who need to be temporarily excluded from neighborhoods, streets, and other urban spaces.

Keywords: Community policing; Confucian heritage; political rationale; urban management



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