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The Council Of Elvira

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Chapter Summary

The first text of a council which has been delivered to the present day is that which was held in the Spanish town of Elvira, a suburb of modern-day Granada. The council took place around 305 CE and was the first known gathering of bishops and church representatives from any one nation. Jewish presence in Spain, in the period preceding the fourth century, is attested through material evidence. Even though the dating in several cases may be somewhat debated, at least some evidence shows a Jewish presence in Spain in early times. From the fourth century onwards, evidence appears to become not only more abundant but also more trustworthy. The council held at Elvira is of interest because it produced one of the first written legal documents of canon law.

Keywords: canon law; council; Elvira; fourth century; Granada; Jewish; Spain



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