Keywords:Amәdya; North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic (NENA) dialect

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Nominal Morphology

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Chapter Summary


This chapter presents the forms of the independent personal pronoun in ANA. On rare occasions, the independent personal pronouns may also be used in apposition to an objective suffix. The possessive pronominal suffixes are attached to nouns in order to indicate possession. The singular forms of the independent possessive pronoun are formed using a base did-, whereas the plural forms have the base d-. The independent possessive pronoun may also denote a more abstract type of possession, often referring to people, which cannot ordinarily be represented by the possessive pronominal suffixes. Some verbs take the reflexive pronoun as a matter of course, and its presence or absence may also differentiate meaning. Reciprocality may also be expressed using the reciprocal pronoun ʾǝġde or ʾǝġdade, often as part of a prepositional phrase. The chapter presents the most common interrogative pronouns and indefinite pronouns in ANA.

Keywords:ANA; indefinite pronoun; independent personal pronoun; independent possessive pronoun; interrogative pronoun; reciprocal pronoun; reflexive pronoun


The use of the blanket term "Neo-Aramaic" in itself, as well as the commonly accepted convention of writing about its so-called "dialects", may give the uninitiated reader the misguided impression that "Neo-Aramaic" is one, homogenous language. Documents written in the Aramaic language are attested almost continuously from as early as the 9th century BCE. The dialect which constitutes the focus of the present study is a Jewish North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic (NENA) dialect. Amәdya is located at 37° 6' 0 N 43° 30' 0 E, in what is today the very northern tip of Iraq, in the Iraqi governate of Dahuk, about 90km to the northeast of the city of Dahuk and about 8km from the border with Turkey.

Keywords:Amәdya; North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic (NENA) dialect




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