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Verbal Morphology

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Chapter Summary

Word-limit considerations proclude an exhaustive analysis of the function of all the various verbal forms of ANA. This chapter enumerates and gives examples of the functions of indicative and subjunctive moods in the present tense. The present indicative is the unmarked tense for actions or states in the present, that is to say, for progressive actions, events and states. The present indicative may be used for actions which began in the past, but which continue to the time of the speech act. This aspect of meaning is often conveyed in English by a present perfect or present perfect continuous. The present continous is used to refer to an action which is perceived by the speaker as occurring at the same time as the speech act. In a main clause, the present subjunctive most often expresses exhortation or volition.

Keywords:present indicative; present subjunctive; verbal functions

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