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Patriotic Scholarship: The Adaptation Of State Sciences In Late Eighteenth-Century Transylvania

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Chapter Summary

This chapter talks about the “scientific turn” in the passion for the fatherland in late 18th-century Transylvania. It addresses the local practices of patriotic scholarship, locating these within a larger Central European tradition of scholarship and the circulation of knowledge. In his examination of early modern Hungary Robert Evans identified two competing political visions that shaped the emerging scholarship of the social realm. He summarizes these two perspectives as qualifying Hungary on the one hand as a country and on the other as a province of the Habsburg Monarchy. The same ambiguity is valid regarding Transylvania whose status was similar to its larger neighbor. The chapter looks at the two major scholarly enterprises in contemporary Transylvania, the Saxon Siebenbürgische Quartalschrift and the Erdélyi Magyar Nyelvmívelő Társaság (Transylvanian Hungarian Language Society), and seeks to demonstrate both their adherence to European scholarship and their local specificities.

Keywords: Erdélyi Magyar Nyelvmívelő Társaság; Habsburg Monarchy; Hungary; Siebenbürgische Quartalschrift; Transylvania



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