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Reflections On Patriotism In Polish Literature In The Second Half Of The Eighteenth Century

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Chapter Summary

At the onset of the Polish Enlightenment one find attempts to change the composition of the social circle of the people charged with the requirement of demonstrating patriotism. Polak Patriota was addressed to the middle-class townsfolk whose professional occupation was also regarded as work for the common prosperity and well-being. Love of the fatherland and one's attitude towards the common weal was an issue also repeatedly discussed in the moralist periodical Monitor, published 1765-1785, even though the term "patriotism" was not frequently used on its pages. The first partition of Poland in 1773 as well as the Confederation of Bar came as a severe shock to the citizens of the Republic. The issue of native tradition played an important role in reflections on civic attitudes which developed in the period spanning the first partition of Poland and the Four-Year Sejm from 1788 to 1792.

Keywords: patriotism; Poland



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