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Political Humanism And The Corporate Theory Of State: Nation, Patria And Virtue In Hungarian Political Thought Of The Sixteenth Century

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Chapter Summary

By the mid-16th century one might speak about, by and large, three distinct interpretations of patria and nation in Hungary. The first and clearly the dominant discourse was rooted in the corporate theory of the ancient constitution of the country which had been taking shape since the mid-13th century. The second discourse was represented by Hungarian humanists who, in renewing the ancient topos of patria and making it a central element of their argument, also focused their reasoning on the institutionalization of liberty, virtue and fortune in political societies. These two discourses, as we will see, had utterly different origins and at first sight rather confronting goals, yet by the end of the 16th century they produced a consistent political theory, which during the Bocskai uprising reshaped medieval corporate ideas as well.

Keywords: 16th century; Bocskai uprising; Hungarian political thought; patria; political humanism



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