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The Reception Of Erasmianism In Hungary And The Contexts Of The Erasmian Program: The “Cultural Patriotism” Of Benedek Komját

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Chapter Summary

The public literary perception crystallized around Komjáti's translation of St. Paul because his work was seen as the first manifestation of a "national humanism" in the Hungarian language. The choice of work to translate was already an Erasmian gesture, as the epistles of St. Paul essentially determined Erasmus' Gospel-centric theology. It is argued that this representative piece of early Renaissance Hungarian literature derives from an up-to-date state-of-the-art European work that is also of symbolic value in its original context within Erasmus' oeuvre. The Hungarian translation of St. Paul brought about a shift in the process of the development of cultural patriotism. Benedek Komjáti, the first Erasmist writing in Hungarian, studied at the University in Vienna where he enrolled in the first half of 1527. Erasmus' influence prevailed at the university, marked now by a stark rejection of the reform of faith after the doyen of Rotterdam openly turned against Luther.

Keywords: Benedek Komjáti; cultural patriotism; epistles of St. Paul; Erasmianism in Hungary



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