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Pedro De Valencia: Biblical Scholar, Humanist And Social Critic

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Chapter Summary

Pedro de Valencia was a humanist and biblical scholar, a disciple, collaborator and amanuensis of Benito Arias Montano and close friend of Fray José de Sigüenza, librarian of El Escorial after Arias Montano. He was also an impassioned social and political commentator of the Spain of his time and took its reputation abroad very much to heart. This chapter provides a brief biographical sketch of Valencias life, and attempts to show the polyfacetic nature of Valencias erudition. Valencias early contacts with Stoicism came about through his two mentors: Francisco Sánchez de las Brozas, el Brocense, and Benito Arias Montano. He advocates an inner, spiritual detachment from the hustle and bustle of daily life that is independent of external circumstances. Valencia argues that Santiagos mission to Spain explains the brevity of the description of his evangelization in Jerusalem.

Keywords: biblical scholar; humanist; neo-stoicism; Pedro de Valencia; Santiago; social critic



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