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Chapter Summary

In this concluding chapter, the author explores the post-retirement life of Cohort One as a site where long-standing sex segregation takes on a new life for the participants - a life prone to misery. The prerequisites of hegemonic salaryman masculinity, that is, being heterosexual, an economic provider and a father, have been maintained over the latter half of the twentieth century. In the period of growing up, regardless of cohort, the formative effects of dominant masculinity upon the participants were enhanced through the endorsement of institutions such as the family and the school. Marriage was an essential element of hegemonic masculinity across the three cohorts, signalling adulthood and heterosexuality. Fatherhood was considered to be a natural outcome of marriage by almost all the participants in Cohorts One and Two, heterosexual masculinity being taken for granted.

Keywords: Fatherhood; hegemonic masculinity; heterosexual masculinity; sex segregation; twentieth century



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