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From Enoch To John The Essene—An Analysis Of Sect Development: 1 Enoch, Jubilees, And The Essenes

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the ideology of 1 Enoch and Jubilees, two extensive literary compositions that are indirectly related to the sectarian movement of Qumran. Keeping in mind the general sociological characteristics of sectarianism, it compares the ideological traits of 1 Enoch and Jubilees with those of the Qumran movement. It then compares the ideologies and behavior ascribed to the Essenes by Philo and Josephus with those advanced in 1 Enoch and Jubilees, the Community Rule, and the Damascus Document. The overall result may shed light on the relationship between 1 Enoch, Jubilees, and the Essenes, as well as the relationship between each of these and the Qumran sectarians. The best way to facilitate such a comparison is to follow a general sociological theory of sectarianism and extract some basic ideological principles from 1 Enoch, Jubilees and the ancient descriptions of the Essenes, respectively.

Keywords: 1 Enoch; Community Rule; Damascus Document; Essenes; ideological traits; Jubilees; Philo; Qumran; sectarian movement

10.1163/ej.9789004183070.i-257.25
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