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Education And Wisdom In The Dead Sea Scrolls In Light Of Their Background In Antiquity

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines, first, the pedagogical characteristics of sapiential literature; second, the theory and practice of education in ancient Jewish and other cultural contexts; and finally, what we can glean about the process and content of education in the Qumran community. The aim of the wisdom literature of Israel and of other nations of antiquity was mainly didactic: namely, to instruct readers how to direct their lives honestly and wisely for their own benefit or the welfare of society, and to warn them against evil influences that might harm them. The chapter investigates the educational methods that emerge from the literature of the Qumran community, within the context of the pedagogical aims expressed in Qumran wisdom literature, and in comparison to other educational frameworks. The analysis will educe both similarities to these frameworks, and also some significant differences, stemming from the apocalyptically-driven wisdom outlook of the Qumran sectarians.

Keywords: apocalyptically-driven; Dead Sea Scrolls; education methods; Jewish; Qumran community; sapiential literature; wisdom literature



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