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The Use Of Scripture In 1q/4qmysteries

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Chapter Summary

Scripture is used in a variety of ways in 1Q/4QMysteries. One often encounters a complex web of biblical allusions. Biblical phraseology and even partial quotations of biblical verses are freely integrated into the running text. We encounter implicit exegesis combined with the strong spiritual self-consciousness of the writer(s) in question. He uses them according to his own liking, at times totally disregarding the original context. Poetic passages will be given particular attention in this chapter, as they may demonstrate early liturgical usage of traditions later recurring in synagogue liturgy and Hekhalot texts. The chapter includes 4Q301 in this study, although it concludes that it is a separate work based on similar sources. It first analyzes the use of scripture in two relatively well-preserved passages, then discusses the recasting of biblical material in psalm-like passages, and finally survey the use of various biblical books in other passages.

Keywords: 1Q/4QMysteries; 4Q301; biblical verses; Hekhalot texts; liturgical usage; poetic passages; psalm; scripture; synagogue liturgy



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