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The Challenge of Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī (d. 1210) and its Aftermath, 1200–1350

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Chapter Summary

The historian Ibn Khaldun (d. 1406) accorded the Persian scholar Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (d. 1210) a prominent place in his brief account of the history of Arabic logic in the well-known Prolegomena (al-Muqaddima) to his universal history. In the course of the twentieth century, the type of philosophically informed Ash ari theology that Razi represented fell out of fashion in many parts of the Sunni Islamic world, and gave way to a growing interest in the supposedly more 'rationalist' perspective of Mu'tazili theologians and Arabic Aristotelians, or in the supposedly more pristine 'Islamic' approach of scholars like the iconoclastic purist Ibn Taymiyya (d. 1328). A number of scholars who were active in the final decades of the thirteenth century or the first half of the fourteenth also wrote extensive surveys of logic.

Keywords:Arabic Aristotelians; Fakhr Al-Dln Al-Razt; Ibn Khaldun; Ibn Taymiyya; Mu'tazili theologians; Persian; Prolegomena; Sunni Islamic world



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