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Epitomes, Commentaries And Glosses, 1350–1600

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Chapter Summary

In the course of the thirteenth century, a number of lengthy summas of logic were written in Arabic - for example, Daqa'iq al-haqa'iq by Amidi, Kashf al-asrar by Khunaji, Bayan al-haqq by Urmawi, Jami al-daqaiq by Katibi, Nukhbat al-fikar by Ibn Wasil al-Hamawi (d. 1298), and Qistas al-afkar and its commentary by Samarqandi. In his The Development of Arabic Logic, Rescher saw the proliferation of commentaries and glosses as a sign of the 'ossification' of the tradition after around 1300. This chapter suggests that his claim is far too sweeping. It may be that the Arabic logical tradition became markedly more conservative over the course of the fourteenth century. The preceding centuries had indeed been extraordinarily dynamic. Avicenna had approached the Aristotelian corpus with a combination of independence and brilliance, displaying a willingness to strike his own path on a number of key issues.

Keywords:Commentaries; Glosses



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