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The Heteroousians On Names And Naming

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Chapter Summary

This chapter offers a revised interpretation of the initial Heteroousian theory of names as it was articulated in the Syntagmation and especially in the Apologia, for the latter is the version against which Basil reacted in his Contra Eunomium. It first demonstrates two key features of the early Heteroousian theory that reveal the absence of a general theory of names. Second, the chapter points out inconsistencies in Eunomius's theory to demonstrate that even in its limited scope it lacks integrity. Third, the chapter illustrates how Eunomius formulated a general, naturalist theory of names in the Apologia apologiae by grounding his original theory in a theory of the divine origin of all names in order to refute Basil's objections to the initial formulation of his theory in the Apologia. It discusses the analysis of several of Aetius's obtuse syllogisms to demonstrate the centrality of 'unbegotten' in his theory of names.

Keywords: Aetius's obtuse syllogisms; Basil of Caesarea; Eunomius's theory of names; Heteroousian theory of names



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