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The Renaissance And The Middle Ages: Chronologies, Ideologies, Geographies

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Chapter Summary

The chapter takes a different approach to the Renaissance, exploring differences rather than uniformities. It offers a few examples of significant divergences in chronology, ideology and geography as the Renaissance developed from the thirteenth to the sixteenth century. Scholars such as Roberto Weiss, Berthold Louis Ullman, Paul Oskar Kristeller and Ronald Witt have, of course, been right to emphasise that humanism and the Renaissance had had a considerable history before Petrarch, but it is necessary to recognise that Petrarch represented yet another chronological milestone in the development of the humanist movement. The ideology of the Renaissance, as transformed by Petrarch, was potently linked to the ideal of the revival of the primitive and apostolic Church. Geography was transalpine Europe where the advent of the humanist educational curriculum led to a radical and even revolutionary change that was inconceivable in Italy.

Keywords: apostolic Church; chronology; geography; ideology; Italy; Petrarch; Renaissance



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