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Lost in Translation? Beobachtungen zum Verhältnis des lateinischen und griechischen Textes der Gallusstele

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Chapter Summary

In the first year of Roman rule over Egypt, C. Cornelius Gallus who had been employed by Octavian for the Roman Egypt, build his famous stele in the far south of Egypt. The hieroglyphic text is very independent, while statements of Latin and Greek in fact almost the same. Thus the situation is different than in the case of known Synodal decrees from the Ptolemaic period, in all three versions, namely hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek, are the same. In hieroglyphic text the stele is dated, Gallus praised in traditional epithets as warlord, as his concern for the Egyptian cult. Quite different in this respect are the Latin and Greek texts that arrive just on what is happening in connection with the beginning of the Roman rule over Egypt. The Latin and Greek texts are formally stylized as dedicatory inscription of Gallus. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: Egypt; Greek texts; Ptolemaic period

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