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Galba's Cartouches at Ain Birbiyeh

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Chapter Summary

Over the past 25 years the excavations in the Dakhleh Oasis, Western Desert of Egypt, have yielded an important collection of epigraphic material in hieroglyphs from the temples of this area. These include a collection of more than 100 cartouches with imperial names from the oasis; several rare and even unique names have also been found in Dakhleh. This chapter presents and discusses one of these: the name of Galba, which has been found recently in the temple decoration at Ain Birbiyeh. The temple of Ain Birbiyeh is the largest extant ancient stone building in the oasis; larger than the well-preserved temple of Deir el-Hagar. The dating of the decoration in the temple's sanctuary may be fixed to the brief reign of Galba, but it is possible to be more precise. There are two different spellings of Galba's name, which may each be dated accurately within his reign.

Keywords: Ain Birbiyeh temple; cartouches; Dakhleh oasis; Emperor Galba



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